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The 39merkhet39 the oldest known astronomical tool was an Egyptian

The 39merkhet39 the oldest known astronomical tool was an Egyptian


The 'merkhet', the oldest known astronomical tool, was an Egyptian development of

A sundial found on Seti I's cenotaph with instructions for its use shows us that the daylight hours were at one time split into 10 units, with 12 hours for ...

1473-1458 B.C.), is the oldest astronomical presentation known in Egypt (with the possible exception of the Giza pyramids).

The earliest astrolabe was created 150 B. Was an indispensable tool of astronomers, ...

Astronomical clocks[edit]

The device's accuracy enabled to make astronomical observations. As a surveying tool, it was used in leveling to maintain a straight line.

Ancient Egyptian medical instruments depicted in a Ptolemaic period inscription on the Temple of Kom Ombo.

The Clock

Chart humanity's course through history with these antique navigational tools

Researchers determined that this bead, found in a 5,300-year-old tomb in the Gerzeh cemetary in Egypt, is made from a meteorite.


Nut, Egyptian goddess of the sky, with the star chart in the tomb of Ramses VI

Full-scale replica of an armillary sphere

One of the two lasting contributions of the Egyptians to astronomy (in the large sense) is the 24-hour division of the day. This convention is the end ...

The Algol binary stars slowly rotate each other in this artist's impression: The two stars

A view of the pyramids at Giza from the plateau to the south of the complex. From left to right, the three largest are: the Pyramid of Menkaure, ...

The Ancient Egyptians famously farmed the black soils of the Nile Delta: an area with little rainfall that was irrigated by seasonal floodwaters.

Kepler scientists have discovered the oldest known system of rocky, Earth-sized planets in the Milky Way. This suggests that terrestrial planets have ...

This artist concept shows one of the universe's first stars. The massive blue star is embedded within filaments of gas and dust, while the cosmic microwave ...

A roman abacus

The Antikythera Mechanism was an analog computer from 150–100 BC designed to calculate the positions of astronomical objects.

The oldest-known stone tool: made by a human ancestor or a chimp? MPK-WTAP

Halley's Comet

Heliopolis Ancient Egyptain Obelisk dated roughly 1900 BC - WIKI

... Astrolabe of Umar ibn Yusuf ibn Umar ibn Ali ibn Rasul al-Muzaffari ...

The Sphinx and Great Pyramids of Egypt

Figure 3a-b: Two pages from the oldest known dated Arabic manuscript on paper (dated Dhu al-Qa'da 252/866 CE), folios 2b and ...

5 Things You Didn't Know About Vikings And Muslim Civilisation | 1001 Inventions

Four colossal statues of Ramesses II flank the entrance of his temple Abu Simbel

Slit eyes and mouth. She wears an elaborate headdress. Pottery fragment. Ramesside period. From Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London

20120207-Treasure of Nahal_Mishmar.JPG

Spanish researchers discover the first black hole orbiting a “spinning” star | Astronomy.com

Sculptors used a variety of stone tools to chip away at sculptures. Workmen used stones as drill bits for projects.

1504), one of the first based on astronomical observations and to depict a scale of latitudes.

Engraving of a crowned Ptolemy being guided by the muse Astronomy, from Margarita Philosophica by Gregor Reisch, 1508. Although Abu Ma'shar believed Ptolemy ...

In what follows we shall not deal with the history of mathematical or theoretical astronomy as a natural science, which is hard to trace in ancient Egypt, ...

The Sculptor dwarf galaxy is a satellite of the Milky Way, appearing here as a faint "cloud" of stars.

This artist's concept depicts 'Oumuamua, which recently swung by the Sun during a quick pass through our solar system. Though initially believed to be a ...


An Egyptian month counted 30 days, a year 12 months plus 5 days. Horus was the Celestial Falcon. His right eye was the sun, his left eye was the moon.

Hieroglyphs on an Egyptian funerary stela. Africa's first writing system and the ...

Digging into the past. Researchers excavate a cave at Pinnacle Point in South Africa (left). These miniature stone blades, which have been blunted on one ...

Image: Petros Giannakouris/Associated Press

Egyptian Book of the Dead

The spherical astrolabe from medieval Islamic astronomy, c. 1480, in the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford

Seal impression from the tomb of Seth-Peribsen, containing the oldest known complete sentence in Egyptian

What does science suggest about the darkness that occurred during Jesus' Crucifixion?


"El Caracol" observatory temple at Chichen Itza, Mexico


Ancient Egyptians may have given cats the personality to conquer the world | Science | AAAS

After decades of research, American archaeologist Mark Lehner has some answers about the mysteries of the Egyptian colossus

Mallet Egyptian, Old Kingdom, Dynasty B. Dimensions Width x length: x cm x 10 in.) Medium or Technique Wood Classification Tools & equipment Accession ...

This detail scene, from the Papyrus of Hunefer (c. 1275 BCE), shows the scribe Hunefer's heart being weighed on the scale of Maat against the feather of ...


Fragment of a basalt water-clock, with evaporation time markers on interior as dots on djed and was hieroglyphs. Late period, 30th Dynasty. From Egypt.

The Hypatia stone, discovered by geologist Aly Barakat in 1996, contains a combination of chemicals and minerals that stumps researchers trying to figure ...

For the first time ever, astrophysicists observe the entire life cycle of a binary star system

Adam's Calendar

Huygens's aerial telescope

The Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. Image courtesy of NRAO/AUI and NRAO